I just stumbled across Annemarie Schwarzenbach by accident. She was a writer, photographer, journalist, and she traveled far and wide especially into Muslim regions. She died in her 30s in 1942 and spent a good part of her life dressing as a man, she suffered from addictions and depression. She also revolted against the Nazis and helped people under fascist rule. There's a movie about part of her life 'Journey To Kafristan' which I want to see.
Annemarie Schwarzenbach bio